In this learning outcome I learned the basics of digital video. To take video, a camcorder is used, which captures many still images, usually around 25 to 30 frames per second. When somebody watches the video, it is played back at the same rate in order to give the illusion of movement. A higher frame rate can be used for smoother motion, but the above value is the industry standard.
Before filming, it is important to ensure some form of decent lighting is present on set, whether that be from artificial (spotlights, lamps, candles etc.) or natural (sunlight, moonlight) sources. Ensuring a stable platform for your camera is essential, whether that be a simple tripod, or in more expensive productions, a dolly. Also, double-check that the recording is being made in landscape mode, as portrait looks terrible in most video players.
There are a few different types of shots when you take videos:
The full shot shows the subjects in their entirety and whatever is surrounding them. These are often used as establishing shots, which show us the setting the story takes place in.
A medium shot shows us about half of the subject, from the waist up. Generally this is the most commonly used shot, allowing us to focus on the action after context for events has been given.
A close shot zooms in on a character’s face, with a bit of the neck and shoulders visible too. This lets the viewer see subtle emotional cues that give the entire story more emotional bearing.
Apart from framing, another aspect to pay attention to is the rule of thirds, an important aesthetic rule when filming; it has applications in many other fields as well. Below you’ll find an informative video describing it in detail.
In big budget productions, there are three main roles in the production:
Producer: Essentially they are the wallet of the production, so they have the final say in pretty much everything.
Director: Directs the actors and crew during actual filming. They have some creative freedom and don’t have to stick to the script perfectly.
Editor: Arranges best footage in sequential order as per the storyboard. Adds music, titles, credits, subtitles, music/soundtrack, SFX, CGI etc.